Saturday, April 2, 2011

Is the one who is disobediant a Kaafir?

Is the one who is disobedient a Kaafir?

Question asked to Al-Allaamah Shaykh Rabee' (may Allaah preserve him)
Q. Is the one who outwardly displays disobedience to Allaah ruled to be a Kaafir based upon the statement of the Messenger of Allaah:
"All of my nation will be forgiven except for those who outwardly expose their sins?"
A. No. he is not to be declared a disbeliever. The one who outwardly displays disobedience to Allaah is a Faasiq (criminal). We combat him, we warn against him, and we call him to make Tawbah (repentance).  If he doesn't make Tawbah we cause the people to leave him. However, we do not judge him to be a Kaafir. The one who drinks Khamr (intoxicants), or commits Zinaa (illegal sexual intercourse), or steals, this person is disobedient. This is unless he believes that these acts are permissible, then in that case, he would be a Kaafir. If he says: "Khamr is Halaal (lawful)". We say: "You are a Kaafir", end of the situation. If he says: "Zinaa is Halaal", we say "You have disbelieved". If he says "Ruling by other than what Allaah has revealed is permissible", we say "You have disbelieved". This is how the situation is Baarakallaah feekum. 

As for the situation where the person says "I'm a Muslim", and we see him pray, then is disobedient (for the committing of these sins), this is an individual that we do not declare to be a Kaafir, rather we say "He is disobedient" and we warn against him."
Source:  Fatwaa Fadeelatish Shaykh Al-Allaamah Rabee' bin Haadi Umar Al-Madkhalee V.1 pg 134

Sisters Upon Al-Istiqaamah