Friday, June 3, 2011

The Hadeeth of Najd

The Hadeeth of Najd -  Taken from Silsaltul-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah Wa Shayun MinFiqhihaa Wa Fawaaidihaa of Shaykh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullah) [1] –
Translated by Abu Yusuf, Sagheer Ibn ‘Abdur-Rasheed Al-Kashmeeree
An Exclusive Translation for Sisters Upon Al-Istiqaamah

Shaykh Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee (rahimahullah) mentions the following Prophetic narration:
2246 - "O’ Allah, bless for us our Makkah, O’ Allah, bless for us our Madeenah, O’ Allah, bless for us our Shaam[2] and bless for us our Saa’and bless for us our Mudd [3]. So, a man said: O’ Messenger of Allah, and our Iraq and he (the Prophet) turned away from him. So, he repeated it three times, with the man saying every time: and our Iraq and he (the Prophet) would turn away from him. Then he (the Prophet) said: In it there will be earthquakes and tribulations and from it will rise the horn of shaytaan. "

Reported by Ya’qoob Al-Fasawee in Al-Ma’rifah (2/746-748), Al-Mukhlalas in Al-Fawaaid-ul-Muntaqaah (7/2-3), Al-Jurjaanee in Al-Fawaaid (2/164), Abu Nu’aym in Al-Hilyah (6/133) and Ibn ‘Asaakir in Taareekh Dimishq(1/120) from routes of transmissions from Tawbah Al-‘Anbaree from Saalim Bin ‘Abdullah from his father that the Prophet (sallalahualahi wa sallam) supplicated and then he mentioned it (the narration).

The Shaykh then authenticated the narration by saying:
‘I say: This chain of narration is Saheeh (authentic) according to the conditions of the two Sheikhs (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim).’

Then the Shaykh proceeded to mention and analyse other chains of narration for this hadeeth including some of the different wordings mentioned therein. This includes the word Najd [4] which appears in some narrations in place of Iraq. After doing all this, the Shaykh says:

‘And indeed, I have not gone into detail in the checking of this authentic hadeeth and the mention of its routes of transmission and some of its wordings except because some of the innovators who wage war upon the Sunnah and those who have deviated from Tawheed attack the Imaam Muhammad Bin ‘Abdul-Wahhaab, the reviver of Tawheed in theArabian Peninsula, and they link the hadeeth to him in view of him being from the lands (Najd) which are well known today with this name. And they (these people) were ignorant or pretended to be ignorant that they (the lands of modern day Najd) are not intended by this hadeeth. Rather, they, (those which are intended) are but (the lands) of Iraq as the majority of the routes of transmission of the hadeeth show. And with this (interpretation) have the scholars of old spoken, such as ImaamAl-Khataabee and Ibn Hajar Al-‘Asqalaanee and other than them.

And they were also ignorant of the fact that a man being from some of the blameworthy lands does not necessitate that he is also blameworthy if he in himself was righteous, and the opposite with the opposite. For how many (has there been) inMakkah, Madeenah and Shaam from the rebellious and evildoer, whilst in Iraq (there has been) the scholar and the righteous. And how wise was the saying of Salmaan Al-Faarisee to Abu Ad-Dardaa when he invited him (Salmaan) to emigrate from Iraq to Shaam:

‘To proceed; So, indeed, the sacred land does not make anyone sacred. Rather, that which but makes a person sacred is his action.’

And on the opposite side to these innovators, is the one who rebuked this hadeeth and made a ruling on it as being fabricated due to what is in it in terms of making Iraq blameworthy, as did the teacher Salaah-ud-Deen Al-Munnajid in his introduction to (the book) Fadaail-i-Shaam Wa Dimishq. And I refuted him in my checking of its ahaadeeth and I established that the hadeeth is from his (sallalahu alahi wa sallam’s) knowledge-based miracles, so refer to the eighth hadeeth from it.’
[1] Translator’s footnote: Maktabatul-Maa’rif, Riyadh, 1st Edition, 1412/1991,Vol.5, Pp 302-306.
[2] Translator’s footnote:  Shaam is the region of the Middle East which includes the countries of Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine.
[3] Translator’s footnote:  The Saa’ and Mudd are units of measurement that were used from the time of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) and are still employed by the Muslims to this day. For more on this see: Topic=9559
 [4] Translator’s footnote:  The area of Najd which is well known today, is in the central region of modern Saudi Arabia

Sisters Upon Al-Istiqaamah